PHOENIX -- A bill supported by top Republican legislative leaders that would replace pensions for new judges and other elected officials with a 401(k)-style retirement plan failed in the Arizona Senate on Tuesday.
Senate President Andy Biggs, however, said four Republicans were absent, and he believes the bill will eventually pass.
The House has already voted to eliminate the pensions, but amendments will require another vote if it passes the Senate on reconsideration.
The bill is supported by Biggs and GOP House Speaker Andy Tobin and targets the smallest and most underfunded of the state's four public employee pension plans.
The Elected Officials Retirement Plan, known as EORP, has only enough assets to cover about 58 percent of its liabilities. It also has more retirees and their survivors drawing benefits than active members paying into the system, 992 to 845.
The bill was defeated in the Senate on a 12-12 vote with four Republicans and two Democrats absent.
If it becomes law House Bill 2608 only applies to new elected officials, but the state will have to continue paying from $3 million to $5 million a year into the system to make it whole as current members retire and begin drawing pensions, Biggs said.
``EORP is unsustainable as it is,'' Biggs said. ``It's the ultimate Ponzi scheme, and this is an effort to try to move to something that's sustainable.''
The plan has about $356 million in assets and $610 million in liabilities and the state contribution has gone from about 6 percent of salaries in 1999 to 39 percent today. A legislative effort to cut cost-of-living increases is being challenged in court.
The plan covers state legislators, elected officials at the state and county level and some city officials as well as most judges. One of the problems is that pensions are based on the person's highest salary even if they only earned a small fraction of that amount earlier in their career.
Democrats oppose the bill, arguing that the state's other three retirement plans are in the cross-hairs if the EORP closure passes.
``I'm concerned that it's opening the door,'' said Sen. Linda Lopez, D-Tucson. ``This is kind of like the camel's nose under the tent, so to speak.''
The judge's association agreed that the plan was unsustainable, and tried to get the bill amended to allow elected officials to sign up for the Arizona State Retirement System, the biggest state pension plan.
They mostly failed in that effort. They did manage to get an increase in the proposed state match to a 401(k)-style defined-contribution plan, from 5 percent to 6 percent of earnings, lobbyist Pete Dunn said. And they were able to insert a provision allowing new state or other employees who currently are in ASRS to stay in the plan when they become judges. The association agreed not to oppose the bill with the changes.
Sen. Steve Yarbrough, R-Chandler, urged passage, saying it could start a nationwide trend to end public pensions.
``Perhaps this bill, replacing a defined-benefit plan for elected officials with a defined-contribution plan, will be the spark that lights a needed fire across America,'' Yarbrough said.